The director, by definition, Federico Fellini, is Columbus who wants to discover America. Before you are the great and famous directors of Italian cinema.
Federico Fellini (1920 - 1993) - a recognized guru of world cinema, a person for whom cinema was the main form of existence. Neorealism, decadence, documentary - the master distinguished himself in many genres. It is difficult to choose the most significant of his films. The most appreciated by the audience and critics were the paintings “The Road” (1954), “Nights of Cabiria” (1957) and “Sweet Life” (1960).
Fellini is a five-time Oscar winner, an absolute world record.
We recommend reading: Biography and creativity of Federico Fellini.
Roberto Rossellini (Roberto Rossellini, 1906 - 1977), his film "Rome - an open city" (1944) is considered the first Italian painting in the genre of neorealism. On the set, he began an affair with Anna Magnani, whom he soon left for Ingrid Bergman. Their best joint projects were children, especially actress and model Isabella Rossellini, while the creative union was recognized as unsuccessful.
Vittorio de Sica
Vittorio de Sica (1901 - 1974) - a key figure in Italian neorealism and conductor of the magnificent film duet Loren - Mastroianni. “Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow” (1963) and “Marriage in Italian” (1964) are the best melodramas of all time. The film "Trip" (1974), the last work of the master, all imbued with a sense of near death.
Luchino Visconti (Luchino Visconti, 1906 - 1976) at the same time belonged to the family of the Dukes of Visconti of Milan and the Communist Party of Italy. Leftist beliefs preserved until the end of life. He shot his first film “Obsession” (1943) with the money earned from the sale of family jewelry. This was followed by the painting “White Nights” (1953) with Marcello Mastroianni and the landmark drama “Leopard” (1963) with Bert Lancaster. It was Visconti who first drew attention to the young Mastroianni, seeing him on the stage of the student theater.
Pier Paolo Pasolini
Pier Paolo Pasolini (Pier Paolo Pasolini, 1922 - 1975 gg.) - Another communist. The most controversial and scandalous figure of Italian cinema. In his youth he became famous as a poet, his poems are included in Italy in the school curriculum. Films amaze with expression and naturalism. In The Trilogy of Life, which consists of the films The Decameron (1971), The Canterbury Tales (1972) and The Flower of a Thousand and One Nights (1974), he reveals the sensory principle of human nature, as if to the peak prudish society, rude and unvarnished. Protest for him is the main form of expression of creative pursuit. Intransigence led to a terrible end. Pazolini was brutally murdered by neo-fascist teenagers in November 1975 in Ostia.
Sergio Leone (1929 - 1989) is the founder of the spaghetti western genre. His most famous work was the picture Once Upon a Time in America (1984) with Robert de Niro. Leone planned to make a large-scale film about the blockade of Leningrad (the working title of the picture was “900 days”), he even visited the Soviet Union as part of the work on the project. But this was not destined to be realized, in April 1989 the director died of a heart attack.
Michelangelo Antonioni (Michelangelo Antonioni, 1912 - 2007) - a classic of world cinema, a true poet of despondency and loneliness. Antonioni's films are riddled with emotional fatigue and existential boredom; the action most often takes place in half-empty black and white scenery. His trilogy “Adventure” (1960), “Night” (1961), “Eclipse” (1962) tells of beautiful people who lost their life guidelines and were unable to build relationships.
Nanni Moretti (Giovanni (Nanni) Moretti, 1953) is a master of eccentric comedies and reasoning films. The painting “Dear Diary” (1993) is an excellent development of the Roman theme. Moretti is a fan of starring in his own films, for which he is nicknamed "Italian Woody Allen." Acted as an ardent opponent of politics Silvio Berlusconi, in the film "Cayman" (2006) immortalized his parody.
Bernardo Bertolucci (1941), in his early paintings, the intimate is combined with the social, Freudianism - with communism. “Conformist” (1970) and “The Last Tango in Paris” (1972) were a resounding success. In the 80s, Bertolucci traveled a lot and worked outside of Italy. He was interested in the East, considering himself to be an “amateur Buddhist”. His epic drama “The Last Emperor” (1987) received an Academy Award for Best Screenplay and Director.
Roberto Benigni (1952) is an incorrigible optimist of Italian cinema. His films, even sad ones, are light and full of life. The most striking example is the famous painting “Life is Beautiful” (1997). The film was a huge success. As if in contrast, the picture “Pinocchio” (2002) was recognized as a failure and was nominated for “Golden Raspberry” as the worst film.
Giovanni Brass (1933), known around the world as Tinto Brass (Tinto Brass) - a recognized master of shooting erotic films. The best films of the film director are Kitty Salon (1976) and Caligula (1977 - released in 1979). Since 1983, Brass has completely plunged into the topic of voyeurism and devotes a lot of time to the painting "Key". Then the author’s expression can be seen in such films as Miranda (1985), Capriccio (1987), Paprika (1990). Brass always takes part in editing his films.
Paolo Sorrentino (1970) is a screenwriter and film director of the great Italian cinema, who made his name in the 21st century. Sorrentino has received numerous awards and is considered one of the most talented cinemas in the country. His paintings can be traced to love, irony and phantasmagoria for theatrical conventions, which were inherited from the equally brilliant predecessor Federico Fellini. His last works “Amazing” (2009), “Wherever you are” (2012), “Youth” (2015) participated in the Silver Ribbon Award and awarded Sorrentino the title of “Best European Director”, and the tape "Great Beauty" (2013) was awarded by the Oscars and Golden Globes as the best film in a foreign language.